Baisha River City

A community of 500,000 people

Leisure
“Baisha River City” masterplan aims to blend an innovative urban design approach that links contemporary urban conceptions with traditional Chinese urban civilizations.
As part of the new district of Zhengbian -connecting the areas of Zhengzhou East and Kaifeng West – the Zhengzhou New District -Baisha will be a key urban project for the future development of Henan province. Baisha Cluster will become an important urban center that, with an area of about 42 square kilometers, is intended primarily for scientific educational research, technology, and innovative industry, along with residential, administrative, leisure, cultural buildings and with the corresponding urban services.

The proposal expresses a commitment to make a completely penetration of the original landscape into the urban structure that will define the feature of the urban identity; representing the spirit that guided so many cities in ancient China along the Yellow River.

Overall, the new public spaces, traffic infrastructures, integrated landscape and buildings will shape a living and sustainable city along the river. In this way, it is boosted the balance between memory and innovation that links contemporary Zhengzhou with the ancient traditions of its history.

The proposal is conceived with the idea of giving a different model to the current urban development reality; which is usually based on the rejection of the local heritage and therefore the proliferation of sameness urban configuration, and thus identity absence. Indeed, when the proliferation of the so-call generic spaces is already everywhere some problems, like the loss of territory identity, appear.

LATITUDE BAISHA Jialu River

Identity
This fact has disassociated individuals from the elements that they feel identify with.
In Baisha cluster, this urban and therefore social problem has been answered by creating the most connected hybrid space in relation with the most particular local characteristics; a counterpart of the already spread idea of unified space which no longer belongs to one particular society, and therefore foster the process of the urban banalization. By keeping the importance of the pre-existence urban morphology, and the interrelation with the landscape, it is intended to foster the inhabitants’ identification with their place.

Understanding the urban morphology has meant to structure Baisha area base on nodal points, or in other words base on the acknowledgement of the pre-existed settlements; a new-polycentric city based on connectivity but capable of offering real urban qualities.

LATITUDE-BAISHA-BLOG

白沙滨水新城,郑州,中国

社区人口多达50万白沙“滨水新城”皆在把独到的城市设计方法与中国传统城市文明融于一体。

作为郑汴新区(连接郑州东部与开封西部地区)的一部分,郑州新区是河南省未来发展进程中的一个重点城区项目。
白沙产业集聚区占地约42平方公里,主要容纳科学教育研发与创新型行业,将成为重要的城市中心,并集居住、管理、休闲、文化建筑与相应的城市服务与一体。

该案提议,在跨区运河两岸修建一个新的滨河区,以体现城市身份的既定特征以及引领黄河沿岸中国古都的开拓精神。全新的公共空间、交通基础设施与景观和建筑的整合将重塑可持续发展之城。秉承这一理念,我们重新追溯到郑州市的现代文明与古老传统的之间的平衡。

该提案被认为当前城市设计的另一典范;我们极力强调保护当地已有文明与遗产,而非打造一面千城,千城一面式的城市设计使得很多城市失去了它独有的特征。
然而,当今所谓的“广普空间”已经泛滥,诸多问题如领域特征丢失等就是其中一个现象。这一现象剥夺了人们生存空间的归属感。

以白沙组团这一城市规划项目为例,融合当地特点与现代文明的同时打造高度联通、空间混合之城之时,一些社会问题也已得到相应的解答;与其相对应的,这种家喻户晓的规整化的空间理念即不再隶属于某一特定的社会体制,因此,规整划一的理念无形中滋养了城市庸俗化的进程。通过秉承先存城市形态学的重要意义加之景观关联,意图通过地域定义来培养当地居民的地方归属感。

只要将城市窝蜂重组为一处由多个独立部落连接而成的城市网络、再重新调配城市区域内的密度、紧凑度以及混合应用街区并贯穿公共交通系统;重置城市尺度、多样性、复杂性以及主次级城市中心的关联就定能实现地方归属感。

对城市形态学的理解意味着将白沙城市规划沿“城市网点”依次展开。换言之,白沙的城市规划基于对最先存定居点的认识;城市的多级化取决于其交通的便利,同时能够为人们提供高品质的生活。这里所说的“网点”指的是混合功能区,它们的功能在于激发城市活力并打造出一套持续的操作系统。

这些结点是它是激活城市,在不断的运动产生一个系统的方式混合使用区。它将通过重组市区细胞作为与其他连接的一个自给自足的栖息地实现;与重新配置的公共交通连接的密集,紧凑,混合用途区的单位城市地区;适当的规模,多样性,复杂性和不同的局部和全身的连接器。

白沙新区规划人口50万,新区内含多个相互关联的活动中心,各个活动中心由发达、便捷的公共交通系统连接,次级中心有助于保护自然遗产与人类遗产间的关系。然而,与开发河南白沙为一座完整城市相反的是,在城内设置多个功能多样的、自给自足的网点。在地面上难以实现的复杂系统可以通过这些贯通的城市网点实现,此类城市网点将发展城一套复杂的城市网络,而非强硬地划分地块功能。

白沙智能新城的开发,需要建成建筑、现存部落、已形成的文化氛围为基础丰富地方公民生活。其实,这一举措正与当今千城一面的城市规划趋势相反。
对于现有遗迹的保护将实现城市特真实的特点,而非单纯的开发一座新城。

在这一崭新的环境下,“城市”成为了市场概念,打造都市消遣的新规则需适当修改,只有这样,一套灵活、包容、功能丰富、令人惊艳的城市系统才有被开发的可能。当然,地区系统还得与国际接轨、整合。
冲动、非理智地将整片区域内划分孤立、零散的用地功能的举措应极力抵制。和谐的都市系统应像海面一样有张有弛,而非泡沫板一触即逝。

These nodal points are mixed-use areas which are the way of activating the city and producing a system in constant movement. It will be achieved by restructuring urban cells as self-sufficient habitats connected with others; reconfiguring urban areas with dense, compact, and mixed-use neighborhood units linked by public transport; appropriate scale, diversity, complexity and different local and general connectors.
As inhabitants finds their memory in the surrounding material elements, Baisha area encourage the penetration of the natural heritage into the new urban configuration. Baisha area is a 500,000 inhabitants’ urban development where the various centers of activity are linked up by an efficient rapid transport system, and the gradual dissolution of the built mass helps to keep the connection with the natural and man-made heritage.

Instead of planning Baisha area as a whole, it has been thought by the creation of different and independent linked units. On the grounds that it is not possible to install complexity, this urban or nodal cells will grow to eventually create an urban complex, rather than been installed.

The new urban Baisha development, as a complex intelligent development, will need the existing built substance, existing communities, and existing cultures in order to enrich the physical implication of the citizen with the place. Eventually, this strategy will result into an action against the trend of losing the cultures and identities of the urban places.

The preservation of the existence conditions will encourage the possibility of building a no artificial identity, but rather a new one.

In the new environment where city is a marketing concept, the new rules to produce urban habitat need to be modified. A flexible, absorbing, functional, surprising system might be developed. Yet, it will need to be integrated with the existing urban territory intelligence, and with the global system at large.

It will be necessary to resist the normal compulsion to make a sweeping gesture that defines the identity of a site and separates it from the rest of the system. By not creating a monolithic entity imposed on the territory but a regime that stimulates cultural activities and spaces throughout the system. The system needs to be porous like a sponge, but not hermetic like a bubble.

Location: Zhengzhou, China
Year: 2011 ~ 2012
Type: First prize competition
Status: Proposal
Client: Zhengzhou Zhongmu Industrial district administrative Committee
Program: 4900 hectares
Budget: Undisclosed
Sector: Leisure
Service: Masterplan
Architects: Latitude Architectural Group + Nieto Sobejano Arquitectos
Landscape: LAUR Studio
Model of Architecture (A~Z): Juan de Dios Hernández, Jesús Rey
Online featurings:
Oth, 2012.06.06
Gooood, 2012.05.23
Zhulong, 2012.05.21